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Article: The Social Lives of Whales | The Responsibility Project by Liberty Mutual

Article: The Social Lives of Whales | The Responsibility Project by Liberty Mutual

 

The Social Lives of Whales

A conversation with Toni Frohoff, whose research has demonstrated the vast intelligence and sociability of Pacific gray whales.

Toni Frohoff, the director and cofounder of TerraMar Research, dedicated to the protection of marine mammals and their ecosystems, is one of the world’s foremost experts on close encounters with whales. In her two decades of studying marine-mammal behavior, Frohoff has studied, swum, played and – through eye contact, body gestures, facial expressions and actual touch – communicated with numerous cetacean species, from dolphins and belugas to orcas, giant humpbacks and Pacific gray whales. Her research, in concert with a number of recent revelations about the complexity of the whale brain, has advanced the effort to protect whales and other marine mammals around the world. It also firmly supports the conclusion that the intelligent life humans have long sought elsewhere in the universe has been right here beside us all along.
What does the word “responsibility” mean to you, in the context of your work?
Because I work with other animals, I would define responsibility as my, and my species’, ability to respond to the needs of other species. We’ve done a lot of managing and controlling of animals, but we have yet to be responsive to the needs of other beings on this planet. And I believe that what’s good for other species is also good for us. In the past, we’ve erroneously interpreted our relationship with animals as an us-or-them situation, and we can see where that has gotten us. So this responsibility we have toward them will in the long term also benefit us as well.
How did you become drawn to the world of whales?
The first time I saw cetaceans was at Magic Mountain amusement park near Los Angeles; I was probably 15. There was a pair of dolphins in a tank, and I just stood there watching them and told my friends to just go on; I’d catch up with them later. But it all really clicked for me when I was 18. I saw a show on TV about the great American psychoanalyst, neuroscientist and philosopher John Lilly, who was trying to create a third language for dolphins and humans to use to communicate. A light went off in my head, and I knew what I wanted to do with the rest of my life. I realized I could make a whole career of studying interspecies communication.
Most people have heard about friendly close encounters with dolphins and about how intelligent they are. What’s special about Pacific gray whales?
It’s pretty extraordinary. Every winter and early spring, thousands of Pacific gray whales migrate south to the lagoons off Baja, Mexico’s western coast. It’s where the mothers give birth and nurse their calves for three to four months. Typically for any mammalian species, child rearing is a time of seclusion and intense protectiveness, but many of these grays treat it like a big coming-out party. They come right up to people in boats – these are 50-foot-long, 50-ton adults and their newborn 2-ton claves – and they let people touch their faces, rub their mouths and tongues, and give them massages. Even after more than two decades of studying human-cetacean interactions, I still find what goes on in Baja enthralling, both on a personal and on a scientific level. I mean here you have these fellow mammals with highly sophisticated minds, and very unique bodies, who live in a whole other environment, seeking us out for sociable contact.
Is it possible we’re projecting a little too much on these encounters, anthropomorphizing? Maybe the whales are simply attracted to the sound of the boat motors.
The fact is the whales are doing this regardless of how we think about it, and there’s no food involved, no reward. There are times when they just seem interested in the proximity of the boats. And some whales seem more intimate and interactive than others. Just as with our species, there’s a whole continuum of degree of desire for social contact. But I would put my career on the line and challenge anybody to say these whales are not actively soliciting and engaging in a complex form of contact and communication with humans, through eye contact and tactile interaction and perhaps acoustically in some way we’ve yet to decipher.
In the early 1900s, before a hunting ban was imposed, Pacific grays were hunted to near extinction in those same lagoons. Might they now be forgiving us?
Well, we can’t really know that for certain. But as a scientist in the midst of a cognitive revolution in the study of the intelligence and emotions of other species, I would say it is my responsibility not to discount that possibility. Gray whales were once known as “hardheaded devil fish” because they so fiercely defend their young, attacking whalers and smashing their boats. These whales live as long as a hundred years, and they display both great intelligence and strong powers of memory. They know and remember, for example, where the best areas to feed are along their two-thousand-mile coastal migration route and which areas to avoid because of dangers. We also have compelling evidence now of the experience of grief in cetaceans, of joy and anger, of distress and self-awareness. So something like forgiveness is a possibility. Even if it’s not that exactly, there’s something happening there that is very potent from a behavioral and biological perspective.
Isn’t there also evidence now of whales overtly thanking us?
Yes, there was a remarkable incident that occurred back in 2005. An adult female humpback whale was spotted off the coast of San Francisco badly entangled in crab trap lines. They were wrapped all around her mouth, torso and tail, and she was struggling to stay afloat. A rescue team arrived and decided that the only way to save her was to dive in and cut the lines with knives. So here are these four guys floating alongside this massive humpback; it took them over an hour to finally cut her loose. She swam off and they figured that was that – then all of a sudden the whale is coming straight for them. They thought they’d had it. But the whale pulled up, swam about in what they said seemed like joyous circles, and then, one by one, swam up to each diver and gave him a gentle nudge before swimming away. That story gives me goose bumps.
John Lilly once imagined an end to whale killing, “Not from a law being passed, but from each human individual understanding that these are ancient, sentient, earth residents, with tremendous intelligences and enormous life force. Not someone to kill, but someone to learn from.” Are we getting there?
I hope so. We’re talking about animals that are our evolutionary elders. They’ve survived on this planet for millions of years before we came along. So there’s a wisdom to be gleaned from them that can be used to help not only them but ourselves as well. Look at the orcas: contrary to the view of them as serial killer whales, they can be considered among the most peaceful of all animals, despite the fact that they’re the top predator in the ocean. They have very sophisticated culture, and they rarely if ever inflict injury upon each other. What might we learn from their societies?
I don’t want to call myself a dolphin psychologist or a whale psychologist, but I am somebody who is, well, listening to them. There is a huge paradigm shift in that. Only then can we understand what their needs are, whether on an individual or a population level. A good psychologist is a good listener. Like when the gray whales come up to the boat: they might even be observing more astutely than the best of our human researchers are, including myself.
Charles Siebert is a contributing writer for The New York Times Magazine and is the author most recently “The Wauchula Woods Accord: Toward a New Understanding of Animals.”

Greg LeRoy: Transit and Transit-Oriented Development: The Sweet Spot for Jobs

Greg LeRoy: Transit and Transit-Oriented Development: The Sweet Spot for Jobs


I have seen the future of robust job creation in America. It gets to work on public transit.
There is now a raft of evidence that transit, transit-oriented development (TOD), and smart growth policies that give people more choice about how to get around are also proven winners for creating the most new jobs.
Put another way, all economic development is not equal. When sprawling development makes poor use of infrastructure, forces everyone to drive everywhere, and drives greater oil imports, the result is fewer jobs (and more pollution).
Consider the jobs evidence for transit and TOD:
Until the Recovery Act and its best-ever system for reporting job creation at recovery.gov, we couldn't compare construction jobs, highways versus transit. But two analyses of the Act's apples-to-apples jobs data found that building transit systems created 31 to 84 percent more jobs per $1 billion than did building highways.
Similarly, federal highway data reveals that spending road money to "fix it first" -- or maintaining and improving existing roads, including "complete streets" for pedestrians and cyclists -- produces more work-hours than do sprawling new roads. That's because money is not used to buy land or engineer new rights of way.
It's not just the direct jobs created by public construction projects that matter, of course. Transportation spending stimulates private investment upon land made more valuable. Transit-oriented development in half-mile radii around stations creates thousands of construction jobs as higher land values drive greater density, labor-intensive rehabilitation and mixed uses.
Again, all development is not equal. When buildings are taller and more complex, private construction industry data clearly shows higher job creation per $1 million spent. That is true for both commercial structures and for condominiums and townhomes versus detached single-family homes.

WASHINGTON: House bill to increase high-tech visas defeated - Politics Wires - MiamiHerald.com

WASHINGTON: House bill to increase high-tech visas defeated - Politics Wires - MiamiHerald.com

Hear it .org I really like this site! The mystery of “the cocktail party effect” solved

 http://www.hear-it.org/MP3-players-put-teens-at-risk-of-early-hearing-loss

The mystery of “the cocktail party effect” solved

Active sonar can harm the hearing of dolphins and whales - hear-it.org

Active sonar can harm the hearing of dolphins and whales - hear-it.org


September 12, 2012

Active sonar can harm the hearing of dolphins and whales 

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Activists fear new military exercises using active sonar will greatly harm whales, not least giving them hearing loss.

The US Navy is proposing the use of active sonar in training and testing exercises off Hawaii and southern California and off the Atlantic coast and the Gulf of Mexico.

Sonar associated with trauma

Active sonar is used primarily to hunt for submarines. However, the possible impact on marine mammals, and particularly toothed whales, has been a subject of controversy for several years.

Exercises like the ones being planned could potentially cause trauma to cetacean’s brain and ears and cause hearing loss thereby leading to mass strandings, activists claim.

Worst case estimates

According to the Navy’s own figures, the exercises could potentially harm marine mammals a total of 33 million times over five years.

In an email to Discovery News, Zak Smith of the Natural Resources Defense Council said that this includes “nearly 2.000 deaths, nearly 16.000 instances of permanent hearing loss, and over 5 million instances of temporary hearing loss.”
The Navy stresses, that these are worst-case estimates.
Source: www.news.discovery.com

MAYOR RAHM EMANUEL ANNOUNCES CHICAGO INFRASTRUCTURE TRUST TO INVEST IN TRANSFORMATIVE PROJECTS | Ullico

MAYOR RAHM EMANUEL ANNOUNCES CHICAGO INFRASTRUCTURE TRUST TO INVEST IN TRANSFORMATIVE PROJECTS | Ullico


MAYOR RAHM EMANUEL ANNOUNCES CHICAGO INFRASTRUCTURE TRUST TO INVEST IN TRANSFORMATIVE PROJECTS

First Project, Retrofit Chicago, Will Invest More than $200 Million in Energy Efficiency for City Properties, Creating more than 2000 Jobs and Saving Taxpayers $20 Million Annually

Mayor Rahm Emanuel today announced the Chicago Infrastructure Trust, an innovative way to leverage private investment for transformative infrastructure projects to guide the city’s renewal of these vital and foundational elements in the 21st century. Mayor Emanuel was joined at the announcement by President Bill Clinton, who has been helping strengthen the country’s infrastructure for decades, most recently through the Clinton Foundation's work with large cities like Chicago on energy efficiency initiatives.

“Nothing is more crucial to our long-term competitiveness and job creation than infrastructure,” Mayor Emanuel said. “The Chicago Infrastructure Trust will bring additional resources to stimulate public and private investment in our infrastructure, create thousands of jobs for Chicagoans, and ensure that our residents have a world-class quality of life.”

Energy efficiency work, through a new program called Retrofit Chicago, will be the first series of investments made by the Trust, pending approval by the City Council. By aggregating energy efficiency projects across the City and its sister agencies and tapping into private investment, the Trust will accelerate retrofit projects that would otherwise not have been possible.

"I have seen first-hand how investments in our infrastructure can modernize our country, get people to work, and improve our economic strength through energy efficiency,” said President Clinton. “One of the biggest barriers to this work is the financing. Mayor Emanuel and the city of Chicago, through the creation of this infrastructure trust, have taken an important step towards addressing that challenge and embracing these opportunities. I'm especially pleased the trust will begin with a focus on municipal buildings, lighting projects, retrofits, and energy efficiency projects. These are key areas in which my Foundation works; we currently have 250 such projects in 47 cities around the world.”

As the first project of the Trust, the City will work with debt and equity investors to finance $200-$225 million in an effort to reduce energy consumption of participating City assets by 20 percent. The City currently spends $170 million annually on energy consumption. This project will reduce energy costs by more than $20 million annually, create nearly 2,000 construction jobs, and remove CO2 emissions - the equivalent of taking more than 30,000 cars off the road - from the atmosphere annually. The Trust’s leadership on infrastructure at the City level will demonstrate how such projects can be accomplished. The Trust also intends to make infrastructure investments in transportation, education and utilities.

The Chicago Infrastructure Trust will provide advantaged financing, enabling each project to customize a financing structure using taxable or tax-exempt debt, equity investments and other forms of support. Each project will be coordinated with the City and its sister agencies’ long-term plan for transformational infrastructure investments. Five financing organizations – Citibank, N.A., Citi Infrastructure Investors, Macquarie Infrastructure and Real Assets Inc., J.P. Morgan Asset Management Infrastructure Investment Group and Ullico – have each agreed to consider the projects that the Trust is undertaking and evaluate them for investment. These investors represent some of the most highly regarded infrastructure investors in the world. Collectively, they have indicated an initial investment capacity in excess of $1 billion, depending on the specific terms of individual projects. The Trust will leverage private sector resources alongside initial capitalization, bond financings, and grants. Individual projects will repay both the Trust and the private sector investors, depending on how each project is structured.

“Citi is proud to collaborate with the City of Chicago on this exciting public-private partnership,” said Vikram Pandit, CEO of Citi. “We are united in our efforts to spur job growth and support economic development in the United States. Chicago has taken a position as a national leader in addressing the crisis posed by deteriorating public infrastructure. At Citi, we are committed to helping preserve and revitalize Chicago and other cities across the country.”

“Chicago has, for many years, been at the leading edge of encouraging and attracting capital for infrastructure investment and renewal. The creativity and willingness to consider new forms of investment structures, drawing on the strengths of all stakeholders, is to be commended,” said Jason D Zibarras, Chief Investment Officer, Infrastructure Investments Group, J.P. Morgan Asset Management – Global Real Assets.

“We believe there is a clear and unparalleled role for Labor to play in a successful infrastructure investment program and we applaud the direction Mayor Emanuel has established for this critical initiative,” said Edward M. Smith, CEO of Ullico Inc. “Macquarie, the largest manager of infrastructure assets in the world, will be pleased to work with Mayor Emanuel and the City on the Chicago Infrastructure Trust. This is an excellent initiative. Macquarie has had a long-standing commitment to Chicago through its management of Thermal Chicago and the Chicago Skyway. We look forward to working with the City to continue to enhance its infrastructure, its environment and create local jobs. The establishment of the Chicago Infrastructure Trust will see Chicago lead the nation in funding of infrastructure development,” said James Hooke, Chief Executive Officer of Macquarie Infrastructure Company.

The Chicago Infrastructure Trust was created in concert with the private sector, non-profit organizations, and union leaders.

"Having world-class infrastructure is essential for Chicago's competitiveness now and in the future,” said Jorge Ramirez, President of the Chicago Federation of Labor. “I look forward to working alongside the Mayor as we put people to work revitalizing the crucial infrastructure throughout the City."

The creation of the trust will require City Council approval, and the trust would be subject to City Council oversight. An ordinance creating the trust will be introduced at the March City Council meeting.

Clinton Global Initiative Press | President Clinton Meets with Mayors from Major U.S. Cities to Discuss Job-Creating Urban Infrastructure Banks

Clinton Global Initiative Press | President Clinton Meets with Mayors from Major U.S. Cities to Discuss Job-Creating Urban Infrastructure Banks

Time Management - MindTools.com

Time Management - MindTools.com

Retire on a Cruise Ship?

cruise_ship


Retire on a Cruise Ship?


Living on a cruise ship is a feasible and cost-effective option to assisted living facilities, and the services offered on a cruise ship parallel — even surpass — what is provided in senior care facilities, according to a study in the Journal of the American Geriatric Society.
“Offering many amenities, such as three meals a day with escorts to meals, physicians on site and housekeeping/laundry services, cruise ship could be considered a floating assisted living facility,” said Lee Lindquist, M.D., instructor of medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. “Seniors who enjoy travel, have good or excellent cognitive function and require some assistance with activities of daily living are the ideal candidates for cruise ship care,” Lindquist said. Lindquist, who is also an attending physician in the divisions of geriatric and general internal medicine at Northwestern Memorial Hospital, compared costs over a 20-year life expectancy after moving to assisted living facilities, nursing homes and a cruise ship, including costs of treating acute illness, Medicare reimbursement and other factors.
She found that the net costs of cruise ship living were only about $2,000 higher ($230,000 vs. $228,000) than those associated with the assisted living facilities but resulted in higher quality over the 20-year period. Lindquist’s plan would include integration with regular passengers, with seniors selecting a cabin to inhabit as home during their prolonged cruise, whereas other passengers would disembark as usual.
The change in passengers would also afford seniors more stimulation and multiple interactions wit new people, she said. Lindquist also interviewed a group of non-bedbound, cognitively intact, community-dwelling seniors aged 65 to 85 for their response to possible cruise ship living. The seniors routinely rated the utility for cruise ship care higher than for traditional options and agreed that a market exists for cruise ship living as an alternative to traditional assisted living or nursing home care.
Younger older populations and retiring baby-boomers whom Lindquist queried felt that this idea would be a valuable option for their future. “If this option succeeds, seniors could have much more enjoyable assisted living experience and, for a change, look forward to a time when they become less independent,” Lindquist said.

'Transportation Gap' In Connecticut, rest of U.S. | The Connecticut Mirror

'Transportation Gap' In Connecticut, rest of U.S. | The Connecticut Mirror

 Great Comments

'Transportation Gap' In Connecticut, rest of U.S.

July 16, 2012

By Neena Satija

Connecticut policymakers have been squarely focused on the education achievement gap this year, but a new report from the Brookings Institution cites another disparity that needs attention. Call it a "transportation gap."
The report looked at the extent that residents in the top 100 U.S. metropolitan areas use public transportation to get to their jobs. Not surprisingly, Connecticut was only in the middle of the pack when it comes to workers' access to public transit.

MillionBat-Cave, Inside the World's First Manmade Batcave

 Inside the World's First Manmade Batcave Built For Wild Bats

Feature
To fight deadly white nose syndrome, The Nature Conservancy has built an artificial cave, which now awaits its first tenants.


Human Entrance Humans will enter through this normal-sized doorway at the base of the cave. Interruptions will be uncommon, because the bat cave will also be equipped with surveillance equipment to keep an eye on the animals. The outbuilding on the left can be used as a base station for Nature Conservancy staff — there's not a lot of other infrastructure in the area. Paul Kingsbury/The Nature Conservancy
CLARKSVILLE, Tenn. — Up a crunchy gravel road not far from the Kentucky line, buried in a hillside a few steps from a huge limestone cave network, an audacious experiment is about to take place. The first-ever artificial cave for hibernating bats, built specifically to protect the animals from a debilitating fungal disease, is almost ready to welcome its first residents.


Related Articles

Inside the World's First Manmade Batcave Built For Wild Bats

Inside the World's First Manmade Batcave Built For Wild Bats

This is wonderful! I hope they build a CT Bat Cave! 

quotes by famous dyslexics, This site really cheered me up. Please click on the link and checkout the Whose Who of dyslexia.

quotes by famous dyslexics,

 “Many times I can see a solution to something differently and quicker than other people. I see the end zone and say ‘This is where I want to go.’”
- Charles Schwab 
 
“I am, myself, a very poor visualizer and find that I can seldom call to mind even a single letter of the alphabet in purely retinal terms. I must trace the letter by running my mental eye over its contour in order that the image of it shall leave any distinctness at all. ”
- William James ( psychologist and philosopher)

“I just barely got through school. The problem was a learning disability, at a time when there was nowhere to get help. ”
- Bruce Jenner (Olympic gold medalist)

“Neither a lofty degree of intelligence nor imagination nor both together go to the making of genius. Love, love, love, that is the soul of genius. ”

-Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

“Many of life’s failures are men who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up.”

- Thomas Edison

“We should not look back unless it is to derive useful lessons from past errors, and for the purpose of profiting by dearly bought experience.”
-George Washington

 “Do you want to know who you are? Don’t ask. Act! Action will delineate and define you. ”
-Thomas Jefferson

“I barely made it through school. I read real slow. But I like to find things that nobody else has found, like a dinosaur egg that has an embryo inside. Well, there are 36 of them in the world, and I found 35. ”

- Dr. John R. Horner (American paleontologist)

“Passion is the great slayer of adversity. Focus on strengths and what you enjoy.”
- Charles Schwab 

“Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”
- Thomas A. Edison

“I had to train myself to focus my attention. I became very visual and learned how to create mental images in order to comprehend what I read. ”
- Tom Cruise, actor

 “I grew up in a school system . . . where nobody understood the meaning of learning disorder. In the West Indies, I was constantly being physically abused because the whipping of students was permitted. ”
- Harry Belafonte

“Since I was the stupidest kid in my class, it never occurred to me to try and be perfect, so I’ve always been happy as a writer just to entertain myself. That’s an easier place to start. ”
- Stephen J. Cannell (screenwriter, producer, & director)

“Be courageous. I have seen many depressions in business. Always America has emerged from these stronger and more prosperous. Be brave as your fathers before you. Have faith! Go forward! ”
-Thomas A. Edison

“ The noblest pleasure is the joy of understanding. ”
-Leonardo da Vinci

“Associate yourself with men of good quality if you esteem your own reputation. It is better be alone than in bad company. ”
-George Washington

“It is a miracle that curiosity survives formal education.”
-Albert Einstein

“Difficulties mastered are opportunities won. ”
-Winston Churchill

“Kids made fun of me because I was dark skinned, had a wide nose, and was dyslexic. Even as an actor, it took me a long time to realize why words and letters got jumbled in my mind and came out differently. ”
- Danny Glover, actor
 
“Creativity is allowing yourself to make mistakes. Art is knowing which ones to keep. ”

- Scott Adams (Cartoonist)

“Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school.”
- Albert Einstein

“Young George . . . although he was bright and intelligent and bursting with energy, he was unable to read and write. Patton’s wife corrected his spelling, his punctuation, and his grammar. ”
- Biographer Martin Blumenson (talking about General George Patton)

“A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new.”
- Albert Einstein

“There is far more opportunity than there is ability.”
- Thomas A. Edison

Lateral thinking - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Improve your creativity with lateral thinking.

Lateral thinking - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Lateral thinking is solving problems through an indirect and creative approach, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic.
The term was invented in 1967 by Edward de Bono.
Lateral thinking is different from our normal perceptions regarding creativity and innovation, and it is an alternative to pure vertical logic/scientism and pure horizontal imagination/spirituality:
Purely horizontal thinking is known as daydreaming, fantasy, mysticism. The purely horizontal thinker has a thousand ideas but puts none of them into action. He or she sees the big picture and all its possibilities but has little interest in linear, step-by-step implementation.
Purely vertical thinking is the classic method for problem solving: from the given data step by step working out the solution.

Contents

Methods

Critical thinking is primarily concerned with judging the true value of statements and seeking errors. Lateral thinking is more concerned with the movement value of statements and ideas. A person uses lateral thinking to move from one known idea to creating new ideas. Edward de Bono defines four types of thinking tools:
  • Idea generating tools that are designed to break current thinking patterns—routine patterns, the status quo
  • Focus tools that are designed to broaden where to search for new ideas
  • Harvest tools that are designed to ensure more value is received from idea generating output
  • Treatment tools that are designed to consider real-world constraints, resources, and support[1]
Random Entry Idea Generating Tool: The thinker chooses an object at random, or a noun from a dictionary, and associate that with the area they are thinking about. For example, if they are thinking about how to improve a website, an object chosen at random from the environment around them might be a fax machine. A fax machine transmits images over the phone to paper. Fax machines are becoming rare. People send faxes directly to phone numbers. Perhaps this could suggest a new way to embed the website's content in emails and other sites.
Provocation Idea Generating Tool: The use any of the provocation techniques—wishful thinking, exaggeration, reversal, escape, distortion, or arising. The thinker creates a list of provocations and then uses the most outlandish ones to move their thinking forward to new ideas.
Movement Techniques: The thinker develops provocation operations[clarification needed] by the following methods: extract a principle, focus on the difference, moment to moment, positive aspects, special circumstances.
Challenge Idea Generating Tool: A tool which is designed to ask the question "Why?" in a non-threatening way: why something exists, why it is done the way it is. The result is a very clear understanding of "Why?" which naturally leads to fresh new ideas. The goal is to be able to challenge anything at all, not just items which are problems. For example, one could challenge the handles on coffee cups. The reason for the handle seems to be that the cup is often too hot to hold directly. Perhaps coffee cups could be made with insulated finger grips, or there could be separate coffee cup holders similar to beer holders.
Concept Fan Idea Generating Tool: Ideas carry out concepts. This tool systematically expands the range and number of concepts in order to end up with a very broad range of ideas to consider.
Disproving: Based on the idea that the majority is always wrong (as suggested by Henrik Ibsen and John Kenneth Galbraith), take anything that is obvious and generally accepted as "goes without saying", question it, take an opposite view, and try to convincingly disprove it. This technique is similar to de Bono's "Black Hat" of the Six Thinking Hats, which looks at the ways in which something will not work.

Lateral thinking and problem solving

Problem Solving: When something creates a problem, the performance or the status quo of the situation drops. Problem solving deals with finding out what caused the problem and then figuring out ways to fix the problem. The objective is to get the situation to where it should be.
For example, a production line has an established run rate of 1000 items per hour. Suddenly, the run rate drops to 800 items per hour. Ideas as to why this happened and solutions to repair the production line must be thought of, such as giving the worker a pay raise.
Creative Problem Solving: Using creativity, one must solve a problem in an indirect and unconventional manner.
For example, if a production line produced 1000 books per hour, creative problem solving could find ways to produce more books per hour, use the production line, or reduce the cost to run the production line.
Creative Problem Identification: Many of the greatest non-technological innovations are identified while realizing an improved process or design in everyday objects and tasks either by accidental chance or by studying and documenting real world experience.
Lateral Thinking puzzles: This is puzzles that are supposed to demonstrate what lateral thinking is about. However any puzzle that has only one solution "is" not lateral. While lateral thinking may help you construct such puzzles, the lateral thinking tools will seldom help you solve puzzles.
Lateral Problem "Solving": Lateral thinking will often produce solutions whereby the problems appears as "obvious" in hindsight. That lateral thinking will often lead to problems that you never knew you had, or it will solve simple problems that have a huge potential.
For example, if a production line produced 1000 books per hour, lateral thinking may suggest that a drop in output to 800 would lead to higher quality, more motivated workers etc. etc.

Education

Lateral thinking can be taught and originally Edward de Bono put forward an education program for teaching thinking. CoRT spans some 80 different tools for thinking. Lateral thinking is a serious alternative to say training in creativity, and as such the tools must be taught and trained using a didactic and pedagogical approach very different form both the training in logic/analyses (vertical thinking) and the training in creativity/sensibility (horizontal thinking).
The training is thus only to be conducted by teachers that must make use of the automatized materials. This ensures that the education is not biased towards neither of the opposing political positions, that is the vertical ("right wing" stereotype) or the horizontal position ("left wing" stereotype). Conducting the education of young kids form the age of 5-7 years, will thus counter any bias (unintended as well as intended).
Based on the cognitive knowledge the correctly conducted teaching and training will thus protect the pupils form various pedagogical approaches Cognitivism. When taught in the correct way the pupils will learn strong thinking, as an alternative to thinking purely based in traditional vertical/horizontal thinking. The result of this is that all pupils should maintain their original thinking bias, as any other "thinking training" would carry a political favour.
To further counter the influencing on the pupils original thinking style you have Parallel thinking, where you can combine various lateral thinking tools - either alone or with other thinkers. Using parallel thinking (not the Yoga version) in this way will again protect the individuality of each of the pupils.

Gallery: Inside the World's First Man Made Bat Cave, Popular Science

Gallery: Inside the World's First Artificial Cave Built to Help Save Wild Bats | Popular Science


Inside the Artificial Bat Cave

Rebecca Boyle
The bats can hang from the curly fan belt or other ceiling attachments, including a net and a smaller metal spiral. Or they can grab directly onto the poured concrete ceiling, which was texturized specially for the cave. The metal pipe and pool of water are designed to bring rainwater into the cave, both to maintain humidity levels and to provide drinking water for the bats.
Read the article: Inside the World's First Manmade Batcave Built For Wild Bats

The Greening of Waterbury: A Symposium on Sustainable Agriculture, Community Revitalization, and Economic Development - When: October 9, 2012 Time: 11:30am to 3:30pm Where: Waterbury Campus Multipurpose Room (Rooms 113-119) 99 East Main Street, Waterbury, CT


RSVP: Ruth.Glasser@uconn.edu
or
visit www.urban.uconn.edu by Friday, September 28th
(Seating is limited. Please note which sessions you will attend)

Parking: Available for a modest fee near the Waterbury Campus.

For more information please visit www.urban.uconn.edu or call 203-236-9921

Schedule -

11:00am - Welcome and panel discussions
Urban Food Systems: Learning from Experience

12:15pm - Light Lunch and Networking

12:45pm - The Food Justice Movement - From the Local to the National
Mark Winne, nationally known food system organizer
and author, discusses his experiences and writings about
what it takes to create and sustain a local affordable
healthy food network.

2:00pm Community Brainstorming - Breakout Sessions
1) Creating good local food policy and advocacy.
2) Facilitating community engagement, education, and
economic development through agriculture.

3:00pm Breakout groups to share results and work on "next steps".

3:30pm Adjour

American farm bride to Japan pens book about traditional food - AJW by The Asahi Shimbun

American farm bride to Japan pens book about traditional food - AJW by The Asahi Shimbun

American farm bride to Japan pens book about traditional food

Nancy Singleton Hachisu and her husband, Tadaaki, pose at their residence, an 80-year-old farmhouse, in Kamikawa, Saitama Prefecture. (Hiroshi Matsubara)
Nancy Singleton Hachisu and her husband, Tadaaki, pose at their residence, an 80-year-old farmhouse, in Kamikawa, Saitama Prefecture. (Hiroshi Matsubara
    (Summarized) follow the link read the original longer, more interesting version.
    August 15, 2012
    By HIROSHI MATSUBARA/ AJW Staff Writer
    KAMIKAWA, Saitama Prefecture--Like many first-time tourists to Japan, Californian Nancy Singleton Hachisu came to Japan in 1988 with an expectation that she would find a healthy food lover's paradise.
    She imagined a land where people only eat traditional seasonal harvests, cooked in minimalist, healthy culinary methods.
    Instead, she soon realized modern Japanese prefer what she calls “brown foods” such as curry with rice, ramen and overcooked meat. But in an aging farming community 100 km from booming Tokyo, Hachisu found the richest traits of a traditional food culture that met her expectations.
    In September, the 56-year-old wife of a Japanese egg farmer in Kamikawa, Saitama Prefecture, is publishing her first photo book, “Japanese Farm Food,” which offers unique insights into Japanese farm life and culture through recipes she inherited from her husband, in-laws and others in the local farming community.
    “One reason why I really wanted to publish this book about Japan is that people in urban areas do not know what is going to be lost,” Hachisu said in a recent interview at her family’s 80-year-old farmhouse.

    The book, which introduces more than 160 recipes of traditional farm food in full color, 400-plus pages, is the grand sum of her two decades-plus of life in Kamikawa.
    From the simplest fast food of “raw egg on hot rice” to feasts for special occasions such as sukiyaki, all the recipes are familiar to Japanese. However, they all are presented in highly eye-catching and even exotic fashion, in ceramic bowls or antique baskets that Hachisu collected from local garage sales and flea markets.
    Special emphasis is given to her family crops and other local, organic vegetables. They are cooked in line with her philosophy that a truly creative process should be “interactive with nature and the environment.”
    “Japanese farm food is vegetable-driven--they have different tastes and colors. More than anything, you have to eat only available things,” Hachisu said. “The fact that you use what you have or what your friends have is such a natural process.”
    This interactive or mutually dependent lifestyle that she found in Kamikawa was a freeing experience for Hachisu, who had found it tiring to live an American way of life in which one is compelled to “make decisions by yourself every day,” she said.
    In urban America, "there is always the theme that you must follow your dream," but the rural farming life taught her that "following your dream is an everyday thing."
    Read the rest Click on the link at the top of the page. 
    In fact, it is the book’s ultimate charm that it feels as if every page is full of Hachisu’s affection and respect for her family and what they have tried to preserve in
    (“Japanese Farm Food” will be published by Andrews McMeel Publishing on Sept. 4, 2012)
    By HIROSHI MATSUBARA/ AJW Staff Writer

    Twitter, DD Vasseur, reports feeling earth quake, waterbed briefly swaying vibrating. I checked my husband for seizures found him resting peacefully. I then decided it must have been an earthquake. Morning News Confirmed!

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     DD Vasseur, reports feeling earth quake, waterbed briefly swaying vibrating. I checked my husband for seizures found him resting peacefully. I then decided it must have been an earthquake. Morning News Confirmed!
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